Direct and Indirect Speech

Speech in English

Direct Speech

The very first term comes in speech in english is Direct Speech,

Whenever we repeat the statements/questions in speaker’s words we may call it Direct Speech.

It is very easy to convert the simple sentences into Direct speech because we have to follow up the same wording as the speaker said.

Direct speech is that speech in which we do not have to do any changes in the statement however, what we have to do is that , we have to put the statement in inverted commas.Direct speech is  more easier than indirect speech.

Check Out the history of Direct  Indirect Speech

Some Suitable Examples

He said,”i am ready”
Mridula said to me,”you are my friend”
Shweta said to me,”we are good friends”
Umesh sir said to us,”Meenu is a good student”
Divyanshu said to us,”he likes to play cricket”
Sourav asked me”can you help me?”

Indirect speech

When we do not use the same wording as the speaker said but to repeat we are using a summary or our own words , we may call it indirect speech.

we do not put indirect speech into inverted commas.

Moreover we consider this as more complicated than direct speech because now we have to use our own words to convey our thoughts.

You may like to see –What are conditional sentences?

Some Suitable Examples

Mridula told that I was her friend
Shweta told that we were good friends
Sourav asked me if i can help him
Umesh sir told that Meenu was a good student
Divyanshu told that he liked to play cricket

Rules of Direct and Indirect Speech

Conversion of Direct Speech into Indirect speech

This is the very first rule in the content of rules of direct and indirect speech.Now when it comes to conversion things become more complicated.

But this is not a big deal , we will learn and  understand it easily with some general rules.

To convert direct speech into indirect speech we have to follow some general rules-

 Change of person

The first  general rule is about change of person in a sentence.

First Person- According to the subject of reporting verb

Basically it is the subject in the sentence.

Raju is in the need of clothes. Raju is the person here.

Second person – According to the object of reporting verb

Basically second person is to whom the sentence is transferring

Raju said to me ,”You can go”

Here me is the second person because the conversation is transferring on him

Third person – No change

Some Suitable Examples

He says that he is hungry.
She says that she is ill.
He tells me that he is an honest boy.
Raju tells me that i will help you.
Sachin says that he did not go there.

You may like to see- How to use english grammar properly?

Change of Tense 

Whenever we change the sentences from direct to indirect speech this rule also applies. Future tenses have no effect however past tenses also have a slight effect only.

Some Suitable Examples

Raju told me that he was ready

Divyanshu told me that he had fixed mind set

Shweta told me that she had slept

Cheatan told me he had helped me

They said that they had to go

Change of time and preferences.

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